Why Febrile Illness?


 
Source: Review of Antimicrobial Resistance⁴

Source: Review of Antimicrobial Resistance⁴

 

Antibiotic Resistance Crisis

At least 23,000 people died of antibiotic-resistance bacteria in the U.S. each year

Most illnesses with fever are caused either by a virus or bacterial infection. Antibiotics are medicines used to treat bacterial infections and have saved millions of lives and transformed medicine and healthcare industry. While the benefits have been great, overuse of antibiotics have been causing bacteria to change in response to use of these medicines. The World Health Organization considers antibiotic resistance as one of the top public health threats of today. At the current rate, we are headed towards a post-antibiotic era where common infections and minor injuries can once again kill. (WHO² & C. Lee Ventola, Pharmacy & Therapeutics, 2015 Apr³)

 
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Diagnostics and Antibiotic Resistance

Overuse from incorrect diagnosis is the biggest cause for resistance.

The main cause of antibiotic resistance comes from overuse caused by inappropriate prescriptions. Studies show that antibiotics prescriptions were unnecessary, inappropriate, or suboptimal in 30% to 50% of cases. Also, one of the U.S. studies show that a microbiologic diagnosis was made in only 7.6% of the 17,435 hospitalized patients with pneumonia.⁵

By these numbers we can see that there is a gap of proper diagnosis in this crisis. Fast, easy, and accessible diagnostic solution that distinguishes the necessity of antibiotics prescription is crucial in halting the antibiotics resistance crisis.

 
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Global Fight against Antibiotic Crisis

Public and private sectors around the world have joined forces in the fight against antibiotic crisis. Last year, the Gates Foundation and the UK government committed nearly $52 Million to fight superbugs. The World Health Organization created Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System to provide standardized approach to collection, analysis, and sharing of global antimicrobial resistance data.


 

1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
2 World Health Organization
3 Pharmacy and Therapeutics (2015)
4 Public Health Post
5 Clinical Infectious Diseases (2011)